Ramphotyphlops braminus (Daudin, 1803)
Common Blind Snake 鉤盲蛇

Ramphotyphlops braminus
Squamata 有鱗目
Serpentes 蛇亞目
Family Typhlopidae 盲蛇科
Genus Ramphotyphlops 鉤盲蛇屬
Species Ramphotyphlops braminus
Other name -
Chinese name 鐵線蛇
Total length Usually 10 - 15 cm
Description Dark brown to black above and on flanks, and of glossy appearance.
Body worm-like, thicker than White-headed Blind Snake (R. albiceps).
Chin whitish. Tail very short and blunt, with a small chitinous spur at the tip.
Eyes underneath the head scales, barely discernible. Scales smooth, similar in size all over the body.

Found in almost any terrestrial habitat;
often inside water drains filled with soils and leaf-litter in urban areas, suburban gardens, cultivated fields and forest, and in semi-arid localities.
Altitude range does not exceed 600 m.

Behaviour Nocturnal. Somewhat gregarious.
Sometimes several individuals (18 on one occasion) hide together underneath objects such as rocks, wooden boards of flower pots.
Has also been dug up during excavation work. When uncovered, tries to burrow back into the soil.
If picked up, writhes frantically and presses the tail spine into one's skin, causing a slight pricking sensation.
Turns bluish-grey when ready to slough.
Diet Feeds on ant larvae, ant pupae and termites.
In feeding on termites, eats only the softer parts and discards the hard chitinous head.
Reproduction An all-female, parthenogenetic species, reproducing without the need of a male.
Usually viviparous, but also oviparous on occasion as one specimen was observed to lay 6 eggs.
Distribution First recorded in 1903 by Wall "on the peak in Hongkong Island".
The most abundant snake species in Hong Kong, occurring throughout the territory, from tiny islands to large plains and hillsides in the mainland New Territories.
Widely distributed from India to central and southern China, the Ryukyus and Malay Peninsula. Introduced into many countries in the tropics.
Conservation Status IUCN Redlist: NE (Not Evaluated)
Ramphotyphlops braminus Ramphotyphlops braminus
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