Megophrys brachykolos Inger & Romer, 1961
Short-legged Toad 短腳角蟾



Order Anura
Family Megophryidae
Scientific name Megophrys brackykolos
Chinese name 短腳角蟾
Common name Short-legged Toad



Size 4 - 6 cm
  • A small-sized toad
  • Back brown with a few scattered warts on the smooth skin
  • Chest with two prominent white tubercles
  • Prominent white tubercle present on the inside of each thigh
  • A dark triangular marking is present between the eyes

Habitat and Ecology


Streams at 20 - 750 m elevation.

Activity Nocturnal

It is a burrower, but has well-developed adhesion disc on its fore limbs to enable climbing on steep surface.

When disturbed, it is able to blow up its body and secrete sticky mucus.

Diet Earthworms, ants and other insects.


Breeding period Feburary to August
Mating call
(Please click to play)
Larvae Brown and elongated. Mouthpart is funnel-shaped.


Distribution and Conservation


Widespread in Hong Kong Island (e.g. Tai Tam Reservoir, Pofulam reservoir, Lung Fu Shan, etc). Rarely found in New Territories (e.g. Mui Tze Lam) and Lantau Island (Ngong Ping).

Eastern Guanxgi, southern Hunan, Hubei, and Guangdong to Hongkong, Lantau Island, and the adjacent mainland peninsula in Fujian, China; nominal allopatric population in northeastern Vietnam (Lang Son and Ha Bac provinces)

This species is once thought to be endemic in Hong Kong. However, more records are found in other locations which suggests a much wider distribution of this species.

Conservation status (IUCN)



adult 1 adult 2
adult 3 tadpole