Leptolalax laui (Myers & Leviton, 1962)
Lau's Leaf Litter Toad 劉氏掌突蟾




Order Anura
Family Megophryidae
Scientific name Leptolalax laui
Chinese name 劉氏掌突蟾
Common name Lau's Leaf Litter Toad

This species was previously described as Leptolalax liui. However, taxonomic studies suggested that the population in Hong Kong and Shenzhen belong to the same species, and it is different from topotypic L. liui that occurs in Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan and Guizhou Provinces. (Sung et al., 2014


Size 2.5 cm
  • A small toad
  • Back brown with irregular dark mottling
  • Presence of triangular marking behind the eyes
  • Numerous granules over the body
  • Chin and belly white
  • Two white tubercles present on the chest
  • Fingertips rounded

Habitat and Ecology


Streams in secondary forests between 100 - 800 m elevation.

Activity Nocturnal

It is a burrower, but has well-developed adhesion disc on its fore limbs to enable climbing on steep surface.

When disturbed, it is able to blow up its body and secrete sticky mucus.

Diet Ants and other insects.


Breeding period February to September
Mating call
(Please click to play)
  • Bottom dwelling, about 30 mm in length
  • Body greyish-brown or dark-brown
  • Tip of the tail is rounded with transparent tail fin
  • May take only 20 days to complete metamorphosis
Egg Dark brown, floating in masses on stagnant water body.


Distribution and Conservation


Occur in a number of sites, including Tai Mo Shan, Tai Po Kau, Shing Mun, Ho Chung, Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, Sunset Peak, Lantau Peak, in Hong Kong, as well as Wutongshan National Forest Park, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province. Exact distribution in China is unknown.

Conservation status (IUCN)

Least Concern



adult 1 adult 3
adult 4 juvenile